Check out Hard Air Magazine!

26 September, 2010

Don't try this with your QB78, folks.

Of course, you would never load two pellets into your QB78 air rifle, close the bolt and fire. But, oops! that’s exactly what I did recently when performing a Gold Service test on a QB78. My excuse is that I was distracted by a telephone call in between shots...

Anyhow, I had fired eight pellets with this .22 caliber QB78. The muzzle velocity was in the 500 - 510fps range for these shots and then - all of a sudden - there was a 290fps reading. WTF?????

So, I looked at the target and you can see the results below. I had double-loaded this QB78 and the gun fired both pellets at once. The result was the 290fps reading from the Chrony and the impact of two pellets about 1 1/2-inches below the impact point of the main group.

So, that’s what happens when you double load a QB78 family air rifle and fire it by mistake...


23 September, 2010

There's no free Lunch! QB78 family muzzle velocity, temperature and CO2 use.

I’ve always been interested in the effect of temperature on CO2-powered air rifles, such as the QB78. But, until I developed the Archer Airguns QB78 Temperature Monitoring Kit - based on an idea from local Rochester NY airgun enthusiast Doug Wall - I didn’t have a way to measure what happens as we fire our air rifles and use the CO2.

Now, I’m going to apologize immediately for the part hand-drawn, part Excel graph, but I think it shows a behavior of QB78 air rifles that has not been recorded before.

This shows how the temperature of the Main Tube (and therefore the CO2) falls with the number of shots fired until - I believe - all the liquid CO2 is used. After that, as the gun starts running on CO2 gas only, the temperature of the gun rises again until the gas is exhausted and the muzzle velocity collapses.

It also shows how increasing muzzle velocity is purchased through the use of increased amounts of CO2. We can see how improving the gas flow causes the temperature of the gun to decline faster under constant shooting rates and how the liquid CO2 is used faster to buy the increased muzzle velocity.

This graph takes three tests on the same .177 cal QB78 air rifle and compares the temperature of the Main Tube (measured by the Archer Airguns QB78 Temperature Monitoring Kit) in three configurations.

First, I tested a standard factory gun.
Second, I modified this gun with a replacement breech seal from the Archer Airguns 2X Seal Kit.
Third, I fitted an Archer Airguns XP Tune Kit to the gun.

In each case, the gun was charged with two full 12g Powerlets and fired every 30 seconds until the muzzle velocity dropped to around 300fps.

Click the graph to enlarge for easier viewing.

As you can see, the ambient temperature increased slowly in the range as I undertook the tests - must have been all that hot air I was generating!

So, the factory spec gun was tested at 66 degrees F ambient temperature. The first shot attained a mere 536fps (this was a “slow” gun) at a Main Tube temperature of 62 degrees F. The temperature dropped steadily until it reached a minimum of 56 degrees F after about 80 shots and the muzzle velocity had declined to 503fps. Then it increased again to 62 degrees F as the muzzle velocity dropped away to 315fps after about 100 shots.

By comparison, the same QB78 fitted with a replacement breech seal from our Archer Airguns “2X’ Seal Kit, started at 64 degrees F with a muzzle velocity of 604fps, dropping to 504fps after about 55 shots and finishing down at 300fps after about 80 shots.

Fitting the Archer Airguns “XP” Tune Kit, increased the muzzle velocity of shot one to 692fps (an increase of 156fps over the factory configuration!) at 66 degrees F, but the liquid CO2 was used after only about 35 shots at 644fps. The 300fps point was reached after about 60 shots.

So, at a constant shooting rate, the QB78 cools faster with increasing gas use (ie higher muzzle velocity). The temperature of the gun increases again after all the liquid CO2 is used.

The practical application of this data is that tuned guns may need to be shot more slowly to maintain their muzzle velocity - and therefore vertical point of impact on the target. The standard factory configuration gives more consistent muzzle velocity over a much larger number of shots and the gun cools much more slowly. Lower muzzle velocity is better for paper-punching accuracy.

Below, the Archer Airguns QB78 Temperature Monitoring Kit reading 73 degrees F.


16 September, 2010

The Crosman 88g Adapter is Available Again.

The very useful Crosman 88g AirSource to Paintball Adapter is available again!

This is very good news for those QB79 and AR2079 users who like to use the Crosman 88g tanks with their air rifles. They provide a readily-available source of CO2 for these guns with no fear of an over-size paintball tank touching the barrel. Each 88g tank provides around 220 shots when used with a QB79 or AR2079 in factory condition.


About This Blog

This blog shares information, ideas and knowledge about air rifles. It compliments the information Stephen publishes on the Archer Airguns website, on YouTube and the Chinese Airgun Forum.

  © Blogger templates The Professional Template by 2008

Back to TOP